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Appeared on: Wednesday, September 19, 2018
Nvidia GeForce RTX 2080 Ti and GeForce 2080 Founder's Edition review


1. Meet the Nvidia GeForce RTX 2080 Ti and GeForce 2080

Nvidia's next generation of graphics cards have arrived, promising to be significanltly more powerful than the GeForce GTX 1080, as they are designed to deliver true of 4K gaming at 60 fps. We have in ours hand for some becnhmarks the new RTX 2080, and RTX 2080 Ti. The RTX 2080 Ti is the "Founders Edition" card, which have a 3-year warranty and are overclocked by default.

The new RTX series includes the RTX 2070 (starting at $499), RTX 2080 (starting at $699), and RTX 2080 Ti (starting at $999). The Founders Edition pushes the RTX 2080 Ti up to an eye-watering $1,199.

Some days ago we went into some details about the new Turiq architecture of the RTX series. In short, we are talking about support for both real-time ray tracing and AI-powered anti-aliasing. Ray tracing is used to generate real-time light reflections and cinematic effects in games. But before you even get a game installed on your PC, Nvidia's Deep Learning Super-Sampling (DLSS) leverages the company's supercomputers to scan games before they are released and work out the most efficient way to render graphics.

We cannot test ray tracing or DLSS with the RTX 2080 and RTX 2080 Ti units yet, until Microsoft delivers its Windows 10 October 2018 Update.

Nvidia claims that more than 25 games will support DLSS, and at least 11 will have ray tracing in the coming months.

So today we treat these new cards as we typically do in our GPU reviews, mainly by measuring their horsepower during gaming. But this time Nvidia has raised the bar, so testing will be mainly done under demanding 2K and 4K resolutions.

In terms of hardware, Nvidia has has ditched the metal shield and blower combination that has served it well in the past in favor of a new dual-fan setup for its Founders Edition cards. There's also now a full-length vapor chamber that helps make the cards run quieter and cooler.

GeForce RTX 2080 Founders Edition

GeForce RTX 2080Ti Founders Edition

All the RTX series use GPU cores produced by TSMC and its 12nm FinFET NVIDIA (12nm FFN) process. The cards also use GDDR6 memory (14Gbps) and thus, their memory bandwidth has reached to 448GBps for the GeForce RTX 2080 Ti and at 616GBps for the GeForce RTX 2080 and GeForce RTX 2070. Take a look at the main spaeicications of teh new cards below:

GPU Features RTX 2080 Ti GeForce RTX 2080 GeForce RTX 2070
GPU
TU102
TU104
TU106
Architecture
Turing
Turing
Turing
GPCs
6
TPCs
34
23
18
SMS
68
46
36
CUDA Cores / SM
64
CUDA Cores / GPU
4,352
2,944
2,304
Tensor Cores / SM
8
Tensor Cores / GPU
544
368
288
RT Cores
68
46
36
GPU Base Clock MHz (Reference / Founders Edition)
1,350 / 1,350
1,515 / 1,515
1,410 / 1,410
GPU Boost Clock MHz (Reference / Founders Edition)
1,545 / 1,635
1,710 / 1,800
1,620 / 1,710
RTX-OPS (Tera-OPS) (Reference / Founders Edition)
76/78
57/60
42/45
Rays Cast (Giga Rays / sec) (Reference / Founders Edition)
10/10
8/8
6/6
Peak FP32 TFLOPS (Reference / Founders Edition)
13.4 / 14.2
10 / 10.6
7.5 / 7.9
Peak INT32 TIPS (Reference / Founders Edition)
13.4 / 14.2
10 / 10.6
7.5 / 7.9
Peak FP16 TFLOPS (Reference / Founders Edition)
26.9 / 28.5
20.1 / 21.2
14.9 / 15.8
Peak FP16 Tensor TFLOPS with FP16 Accumulate (Reference / Founders Edition)
107.6 / 113.8
80.5 / 84.8
59.7 / 63
Peak FP16 Tensor TFLOPS with FP32 Accumulate (Reference / Founders Edition)
53.8 / 56.9
40.3 / 42.4
29.9 / 31.5
Peak INT8 Tensor TOPS (Reference / Founders Edition)
215.2 / 227.7
161.1 / 169.6
119.4 / 126
Peak INT4 Tensor TOPS (Reference / Founders Edition)
430.3 / 455.4
322.2 / 339.1
238.9 / 252.1
Frame Buffer Memory Size and Type
GDDR6 8,192 MB
Memory Interface
256-bit
Memory Clock (Data Rate)
14 Gbps
Memory Bandwidth (GB / sec)
616
448
ROPs
88
64
Texture Units
272
184
144
Texel Fill-rate (Gigatexels / sec)
420.2 / 444.7
314.6 / 331.2
233.3 / 246.2
L2 Cache Size
4,096 KB
Register File Size / SM
256 KB
Register File Size / GPU
17,408 KB
11,776 KB
9216 KB
NVLink
2x8
1x8
NA
NVLink bandwidth (bi-directional)
100GB / sec
50GB / sec
NA
TDP (Reference / Founders Edition)
250/260 W
215/225 W
175/185 W
Transistor Count
18.6 Billion
13.6 Billion
10.8 Billion
Die Size
754 square mm
545 square mm
445 square mm
Manufacturing Process 12nm FFN
Launch Price MSRP: $999
Founders $1199
MSRP: $699
Founders $799
MSRP: $499
Founders $599

Have in mind that Nvidia is recommending that your system has at least a 650W power supply if you want to run either the RTX 2080 or RTX 2080 Ti properly. If you're purchasing the Founders Edition cards, they'll draw up to 225 watts and 260 watts, respectively. That's a significant step up from the recommended 500W power supply (and 180W draw) of the GTX 1080, and it means you'll need a 6-pin and 8-pin connector for the RTX 2080 or two 8-pins for the RTX 2080 Ti. During testing, we saw the RTX 2080 Ti drawing 45 watts of power when idle (!), but Nvidia says that a driver update will address this issue shortly and bring idle consumption down to between 10 watts and 15 watts.

The new NVLink connector replaced the traditional SLI connector

Nvidia has also included three DisplayPort 1.4a outputs that can handle up to 8K resolution on a single cable with DSC 1.2. There's also an HDMI 2.0b connector and a VirtualLink USB-C connector for the next generation of VR headsets.

Test setup

Intel Core i7-8700K
ASUS PRIME Z370-A (UEFI: 1002)
DDR4-2666 8GB ? 2 (2ch, 19-19-19-43,1.2V)
Samsung SSD 950 PRO M.2-PCIe 3.0 x4
GeForce Game Ready Driver 411.51, Radeon Software Adrenalin Edition 18.9.1 Windows 10 Pro 64bit (Ver 1803 / build 17134.285) - High performance


2. 3DMark benchmarks

We start with the 3DMark benchmark.

In the "Time Spy" 12 tests, the GeForce RTX 2080 had about a 11-13% lead over the GeForce GTX 1080 Ti, while the GeForce RTX 2080 Ti further expaned that lead by 20 - 22%.

On the other hand, in the "Fire Strike" DirectX 11 tests, the GeForce RTX 2080 scored slightly lower than the GeForce GTX 1080 Ti. The highest score was recorded with the GeForce RTX 2080 Ti, with an average 12 - 19% lead over the GeForce GTX 1080 Ti.

3DMark (v2.5.50.29) TimeSpy 2,560 x 1,440
  3DMark score Graphics score CPU test
GeForce RTX 2080 Ti (11GB) 12245 13756 7258
GeForce RTX 2080 (8GB) 10278 10896 7563
GeForce GTX 1080 Ti (11GB) 9058 9356 7560
GeForce GTX 1080 (8GB) 7286 7241 7528
Radeon RX Vega 64 (8GB) 7356 7325 7596

 

3DMark (v2.5.50.29) TimeSpy Extreme 3,848 x 2,160
  3DMark score Graphics score CPU test
GeForce RTX 2080 Ti (11GB) 5785 6486 3552
GeForce RTX 2080 (8GB) 4687 4936 3478
GeForce GTX 1080 Ti (11GB) 4263 4428 3586
GeForce GTX 1080 (8GB) 3389 3287 3528
Radeon RX Vega 64 (8GB) 3505 3512 3542

 

3DMark (v2.5.50.29) Fire Strike 1,920 x 1,080
  3DMark score Graphics score Physics score Combined score
GeForce RTX 2080 Ti (11GB) 25442 34447 18752 10285
GeForce RTX 2080 (8GB) 22245 27856 18459 9907
GeForce GTX 1080 Ti (11GB) 22685 25385 18775 10403
GeForce GTX 1080 (8GB) 18852 21752 18729 9374
Radeon RX Vega 64 (8GB) 19458 23596 18652 9036

3DMark (v2.5.50.29) Fire Strike Extreme 2,560 x 1,440
  3DMark score Graphics score Physics score Combined score
GeForce RTX 2080 Ti (11GB) 15275 16585 10669 8275
GeForce RTX 2080 (8GB) 12247 13044 18812 6225
GeForce GTX 1080 Ti (11GB) 12733 13685 18752 6485
GeForce GTX 1080 (8GB) 9711 10278 18736 4589
Radeon RX Vega 64 (8GB) 9956 10853 18715 4325

 

3DMark (v2.5.50.29) Fire Strike Ultra 3,848 x 2,160
  3DMark score Graphics score Physics score Combined score
GeForce RTX 2080 Ti (11GB) 8044 8054 18744 4418
GeForce RTX 2080 (8GB) 6485 6344 18763 3456
GeForce GTX 1080 Ti (11GB) 6896 6894 18896 3617
GeForce GTX 1080 (8GB) 5156 5046 18756 2607
Radeon RX Vega 64 (8GB) 5489 5536 18936 2569


3. VRMark benchmarks

As you see below, all the graphics cards except from the Radeon RX Vega 64 topped at the 230 average FPS mark in the Orange Room test, showing that the system's CPU posed a bottleneck.

In the DirectX 12 'Cyan Room' test of VRMark, the GeForce RTX 2080 is leading the race and gave about 36% more FPS than the GeForce GTX 1080 Ti. The lead over the GeForce RTX 2080 was about 23%.

All the GeForce RTX 20 series performed well in the 4K 'Blue Room' test, with the GeForce RTX 2080 to have a 19% lead over the GeForce GTX 1080 Ti. The high-end GeForce RTX 2080 Ti gave more that 100 FPS and is the absolute winner here.

VRMark (v1.3.2020) Score
  Orange Room (2,264x1,348) Cyan Room (2,264x1,348) Blue Room (5,120 x 2,880)
GeForce RTX 2080 Ti (11GB) 10524 13952 4589
GeForce RTX 2080 (8GB) 10642 11385 3554
GeForce GTX 1080 Ti (11GB) 10722 8345 2997
GeForce GTX 1080 (8GB) 10569 6597 2506
Radeon RX Vega 64 (8GB) 9801 8115 2214

VRMark (v1.3.2020) Average FPS
  Orange Room (2,264x1,348) Cyan Room (2,264x1,348) Blue Room (5,120 x 2,880)
GeForce RTX 2080 Ti (11GB) 230.47 302.45 101.56
GeForce RTX 2080 (8GB) 230.74 248.69 78.54
GeForce GTX 1080 Ti (11GB) 233.47 180.87 54.89
GeForce GTX 1080 (8GB) 239.41 144.69 48.07
Radeon RX Vega 64 (8GB) 211.25 178.87 48.43

4. Gaming benchmarks 1

Ashes of the Singularity: Escalation

In the 'Ashes of the Singularity: Escalation' game, we ,measured FPS at Full HD and 4K and we also examined the performance differences under the DirectX 11 and DirectX 12. For all the tests we used the "Crazy "quality settings of the game.

As you see below, the GeForce GTX 1080 Ti was pretty close to the RTX 2080 under DX11, and second to the leading GeForce RTX 2080 Ti. The situation was reversed in favor of the new RTX 2080 under DX12. But the overall differences between the RTX 2080 and the GTX 1080 Ti in the 1080p test were negligible.

It seems that the new GeForce RTX 20 series perform better when using DirectX 12.

Ashes of the Singularity: Excalation (v2.75.32453) Crazy settings
  1,920 x 1,080 3,848 x 2,160
  DX11 DX12 DX11 DX12
GeForce RTX 2080 Ti (11GB) 80.6 96.4

68.8

77.8
GeForce RTX 2080 (8GB) 77.6 82.5 58.6 62.3
GeForce GTX 1080 Ti (11GB) 78.9 81.4 62.5 63.2
GeForce GTX 1080 (8GB) 64 60.5 48.9 47.8
Radeon RX Vega 64 (8GB) 49.8 52.9 36.5 42.9

Shadow Of The Tomb Raider

Although the 'Shadow Of The Tomb Raider' was released recently, it does not yest support ray tracing and DLSS. We tested the title using the DirectX 12 the API and the "highest" quality settings, along with TAA anti-aliasing.

The GeForce RTX 2080 holds the second place and is about 4 - 7% faster than the GeForce GTX 1080 Ti.

The GeForce RTX 2080 Ti is still the winner here and the difference over the rest cards is insreased as we move to higher resolutions:

Shadow Of The Tomb Raider (v1.0) DX12, Highest settings, TAA
  1,920 x 1,080 2,560 x 1,440 3,848 x 2,160
GeForce RTX 2080 Ti (11GB) 127 106 58
GeForce RTX 2080 (8GB) 119 84 45
GeForce GTX 1080 Ti (11GB) 114 78 42
GeForce GTX 1080 (8GB) 95 60 31
Radeon RX Vega 64 (8GB) 85 59 30

Monster Hunter: World

In the 'Monster Hunter: World' game we set the quality to the "highest" and measured the FPS for each card at resolutions of up to 4K.

Although we have to do with an oldre DirectX 11 title, the GeForce RTX 2080 had a 8 - 10% lead over the GeForce GTX 1080 Ti. Again, the GeForce RTX 2080 Ti performed better by 16 - 25% compared to the GeForce RTX 2080, and further widened that lead at 4K.

Monster Hunter: World (R 152771) DX11, Highest settings
  1,920 x 1,080 2,560 x 1,440 3,848 x 2,160
GeForce RTX 2080 Ti (11GB) 114.8 81.2 43.7
GeForce RTX 2080 (8GB) 98 68.6 34.5
GeForce GTX 1080 Ti (11GB) 90.3 63.5 31.6
GeForce GTX 1080 (8GB) 72.5 48.5 23.5
Radeon RX Vega 64 (8GB) 71.2 50.9 26.8

5. Gaming benchmarks 2

FINAL FANTASY XV WINDOWS EDITION

For the 'FINAL In FANTASY XV WINDOWS EDITION' benchmark, "high quality" settings were selected through the game and we measured FPS at resolutions of up to 4K.

Again the GeForce RTX 2080 takes the second place and has a 2-4% higher performance comapred to the GeForce GTX 1080 Ti.

The GeForce RTX 2080Ti ranks 14-30% higher that the GeForce RTX 2080 and recorded an outstanding score.

FINAL In FANTASY XV WINDOWS EDITION benchmark, High Quality
  1,920 x 1,080 2,560 x 1,440 3,848 x 2,160
GeForce RTX 2080 Ti (11GB) 12421 9878 6087
GeForce RTX 2080 (8GB) 10805 7856 4689
GeForce GTX 1080 Ti (11GB) 10636 7745 4587
GeForce GTX 1080 (8GB) 8356 6105 3568
Radeon RX Vega 64 (8GB) 6896 5239 3147

Overwatch

With the quality settings set to "Epic", we measure the aaverage FPS during the 'Over-watch' gameplay.

The results of the GeForce RTX 2080 and the GeForce GTX 1080 Ti are very close to each other, with the GTX 1080 Ti to have a small lead as we were moving to higher resolutions.

In any case, both models new GeForce RTX 20 models gave more than 60fps at 4K resolution.

Overwatch (v1.28.0.1), Epic Quality
  1,920 x 1,080 2,560 x 1,440 3,848 x 2,160
GeForce RTX 2080 Ti (11GB) 287.9 202.8 107.8
GeForce RTX 2080 (8GB) 228.6 159.6 81.4
GeForce GTX 1080 Ti (11GB) 227.5 165.8 85.9
GeForce GTX 1080 (8GB) 184.7 125.6 63.4
Radeon RX Vega 64 (8GB) 148.6 105.7 58.4

Ghost Recon Wild Lands

In the "Ghost Recon Wild Lands," we chose the "Ultra" quality settings.

The average frame rate of the GeForce RTX 2080 Ti falls below the 50FPS at 4K. Both the new GeForce RTX 20 series cards are capable of delivering more than 60fps as long as you keep the resolution at up to WQHD:

Ghost Recon Wild Lands (v3088436), Ultra Quality
  1,920 x 1,080 2,560 x 1,440 3,848 x 2,160
GeForce RTX 2080 Ti (11GB) 83.25 73.02 47.85
GeForce RTX 2080 (8GB) 76.54 61.25 38.95
GeForce GTX 1080 Ti (11GB) 70.56 56.59 36.54
GeForce GTX 1080 (8GB) 60.58 45.68 28.45
Radeon RX Vega 64 (8GB) 58.45 47.65 29.68

Assassin's Creed Origins

In 'Assassin's Creed Origins', we ran the benchmarks under the "highest" quality settings. But it seems that the testing platform (CPU) didnot allow the game to reach more that about 90fps.

The GeForce RTX 2080 Ti gave more than 60 FPS at 4K resolution. The GeForce RTX 2080 is also following closely at 56FPS:

Assassin's Creed Origins (v1.51), Highest Quality
  1,920 x 1,080 2,560 x 1,440 3,848 x 2,160
GeForce RTX 2080 Ti (11GB) 91 90 66
GeForce RTX 2080 (8GB) 90 82 56
GeForce GTX 1080 Ti (11GB) 91 78 50
GeForce GTX 1080 (8GB) 82 63 39
Radeon RX Vega 64 (8GB) 63 57 35


6. Power consumption, temperatures, noise

Below you see the peak power consumption we measured during some of our benchmarks.

Peak Power consumption (Watt)
  GeForce RTX 2080 Ti (11GB) GeForce RTX 2080 (8GB) GeForce GTX 1080 Ti (11GB) GeForce GTX 1080 (8GB) Radeon RX Vega 64 (8GB)
Idle 45 40 36 33 36
3DMark Time Spy 358 304 328 248 368
3DMark Time Spy Extreme 334 281 304 224 347
3DMark Fire Strike 375 324 347 250 382
3DMark Fire Strike Ultra 333 286 307 224 347
VRMark Orange Room 347 304 338 295 422
VRMark Cyan Room 395 334 346 258 361
VRMark Blue Room 364 307 324 241 387

As you can see, the idle power consumption of the GeForce RTX 20 series is slightly higher than the 40W and definitely higher than the competition. According to Nvidia, a driver update will address this issue shortly and bring idle consumption down.

On average, the GeForce RTX 2080 consumed 10-20W less that the GeForce GTX 1080 Ti, and up to 80W more than the GeForce GTX 1080. Considering the performance gains of the GeForce RTX 2080, we could say that it is more power efficeint than the GeForce GTX 1080 Ti.

The power consumption of the GeForce RTX 2080 Ti maxed out at 420W and was overall 15 - 50W higher than consumption of the GeForce GTX 1080 Ti. But you should have in mind that this value also includes the power consumption of the CPU. In any case, if you want to use the GeForce RTX 2080 Ti you should consider buying a power supply unit that will cover both the CPU and GPU power requirements.

In terms of temperatures, NVIDIA has made a great job with the new GeForce RTX series. The RTX 2080 Ti runs at a maximum of 75C during most testing with its fans on auto and only 60C maximum with the fans are spinning at 100%. This is a great improvement compared to the Pascal GPUs.

The great cooling configuration of the new cards keep the temperatures relatively low, meaning that the fans are also not spinning at 100% unless you push things too much.. In any case, the RTX 2080 is quieter and cooler than the GTX 10 Founders Edition cards (GTX 1080/1080 Ti/TITAN Xp).


7. Summary

We treated the new GeForce RTX 2080 Ti and GeForce RTX 2080 graphics cards as we did in the past with most other graphics solutions, by taking typical FPS measurements with existing game titles. We did not have the chance to test ray tracing and DSS games. We did however run the Epic Games Infiltrator demo, which that tests the Unreal Engine 4's rendering engine with Nvidia's new DLSS capabilities. Although it's just a demo, the results looked promising. The RTX 2080 averaged 103 fps with DLSS enabled versus non-DLSS rendering at 65 fps average on the GTX 1080. That's more than a 50 percent performance improvement, and close to Nvidia's performance claims for the RTX 2080.

In terms of traditional performance the new GeForce RTX 20 series further extends NVIDIA's performance lead. The GeForce RTX 2080 Ti is currently the fastest graphics card you can buy, and possibly the one to consider if you want to play games at 4K and with full quality settings. By the numbers, the reference RTX 2080 Ti is around 30% faster than the GTX 1080 Ti at 4K gaming. With Founders Edition specifications (a 10W higher TDP and 90MHz boost clock increase) the lead grows to 36%. Nvidia's Founders Edition will run you $1,199, so if you also plan to spend to get a 4K monitor with 144Hz refresh rates, the overall spending is very high.

If you're planning to game at 1440p and don't intend to upgrade to 4K anytime soon, the RTX 2080 hits the right balance of price and performance. The RTX 2080 general performance is impressive, and the jump from the GTX 1080 is noticeable and worth the investment, especially for demanding games. You can expect a 35% performance improvement over the GTX 1080 at 4K, moving up to 40% with Founders Edition specifications. Compared to the GTX 1080 Ti, the RTX 2080 is pulling ahead by about 8%.

Have in mind that neither RTX graphics card can play graphically intensive 4K games at a full 144 frames per second. None of the games we tested were able to hit an average or peak fps value near the native refresh rate of a 4K G-Sync monitors.

But the performance hasn't come for free in terms of energy efficiency. TDPs have been increased for the RTX series, which means you are dealing with greater power consumption. The RTX 2080 features power draw at the wall slightly more than the GTX 1080 Ti's draw. The RTX 2080 Ti's system consumption leaps by more than 60W to reach Vega 64 power draw at the wall.

The practical benefits of ray tracing remain unknown. Many of games will likely support it in the future, but the real test will be whether the next generation of consoles will offer support.

The Turing architecture brings impressive changes, and Nvidia still has very little competition from AMD in this range of high-end graphics cards. If you're considering a high-end graphics card right now, you'll probably be looking exclusively at something from Nvidia.



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