Details of this new development will be presented at the 2012 SID Display Week Symposium to be held in Boston, USA, on June 5 as part of the annual international conference of the Society for Information Display.
This jointly developed new IGZO technology imparts crystallinity in an oxide semiconductor composed of indium (In), gallium (Ga) and zinc (Zn). Compared to current amorphous IGZO semiconductors, it enables even smaller thin-film transistors to be achieved and provides higher performance. This new material is expected to be adopted for use in LCD displays for mobile devices such as smartphones where the trend toward higher screen resolutions is growing increasingly strong. Further, it can also be adapted for use in organic EL displays which hold out high expectations for the future. Although challenges to commercialization remain in terms of both service life and production, the two companies plan to push ahead with R&D in anticipation of future market needs.
Sharp showacsed LCD IGZO display prototypes for smartphones sized at 6.1 and 4.9 inches. The 4.9-nnch display features a resolution of 1280 x 720 pixels, and a pixel density of 302ppi. The larger 6.1-inch prototype displays at 2560 x 1600 pixels and has a 498ppi.
The company's OLED prototypes include a 13.5-inch 2160 x 3840 (QFHD) display with a 326ppi pixel density using a white OLED + RGB color filter. A smaller 3.4-inch OLED display was flexible and had a resolution of 960 x 540 at 326ppi.
|Screen size||4.9 inch||6.1 inch|
|Resolution (pixels)||720 x 1280||2560 x 1600|
|Pixel density||302 ppi||498 ppi|
|Envisioned application||Smartphones||Mobile devices|
|Organic EL display|
|Screen size||13.5 inch||3.4 inch|
|Resolution (pixels)||2160 x 3840 (QFHD)||450 x 960|
|Pixel density||326 ppi||326 ppi|
|Outstanding feature||White OLEDs + RGB color filters||Flexible type|
With the aim of early commercialization LCD displays using this new IGZO technology, the two companies will also be pursuing R&D to expand the use of this material in non-display devices and to develop applications other than displays in the future.