The Lab includes some of the world's top experts from Ascenta, NASA?s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, NASA's Ames Research Center, and the National Optical Astronomy Observatory.
Last year Facebook and other tech companies launched Internet.org, a global partnership to make the internet available to the two thirds of the world's population that doesn't have it.
For suburban areas in limited geographical regions, Facebook's team has been working on solar-powered high altitude, long endurance aircraft that can stay aloft for months, be quickly deployed and deliver reliable internet connections.
For lower density areas, Facebook says that low-Earth orbit and geosynchronous satellites can beam internet access to the ground.
For all of these systems, the team is looking at Free-space optical communication, or FSO, is a way of using light to transmit data through space using invisible, infrared laser beams. FSO is a promising technology that potentially allows Facebook's team to boost the speed of internet connections provided by satellites and drones.
Facebook did not specify a time frame for the project.
Google is also driving an effort along the same lines. It announced plans last year to use solar-powered balloons to deliver Internet access to remote regions of the world.